Shoulder stabilization surgery is a type of operation that is performed to repair or tighten the tissues and structures around the shoulder joint. This procedure can be performed for a number of reasons but is generally done in order to relieve pain and improve function in the shoulder. Here are some things you should know about shoulder stabilization surgery, including when it may be necessary.

1. Shoulder Instability

One common reason why shoulder stabilization surgery may be recommended is shoulder instability. This refers to a condition in which the shoulder joint is not able to stay in its proper place. It can be caused by a number of things, including a previous injury, overuse, or even genetics. Also, shoulder instability can lead to pain and decreased range of motion in the shoulder. Additionally, shoulder instability may make it more difficult to perform daily activities or participate in sports. If nonsurgical treatments, such as physical therapy, do not improve shoulder instability, surgery may be recommended. It’s important to note that shoulder stabilization surgery is not the same as shoulder replacement surgery.

2. Rotator Cuff Tear

Another common reason to have shoulder stabilization surgery is a rotator cuff tear. A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons help to lift the arm. A rotator cuff tear can occur due to injury or overuse. Symptoms of a rotator cuff tear may include pain, weakness, and decreased range of motion in the shoulder. If nonsurgical treatments do not improve the symptoms of a rotator cuff tear, surgery may be recommended. It’s important to note that shoulder stabilization surgery is not the same as rotator cuff repair surgery.

3. Labral Tear

The labrum is a type of cartilage that lines the socket of the shoulder joint. A labral tear may occur due to injury or overuse. Symptoms of a labral tear may include pain, clicking, or popping in the shoulder. Additionally, shoulder stabilization surgery may be recommended for people who have a labral tear and are also experiencing shoulder instability. This is because the surgery can help to repair both issues. If you have a labral tear and are considering surgery, be sure to discuss your options with your doctor.

4. Biceps Tendon Tear

The biceps tendon is a strong cord of tissue that attaches the biceps muscle to the shoulder. A biceps tendon tear can occur due to injury or overuse. Symptoms of a biceps tendon tear may include pain and weakness in the arm. If the biceps tendon is completely torn, the arm may appear visibly deformed. Surgery is typically required to repair a biceps tendon tear. Additionally, the biceps muscle may need to be reattached to the shoulder. It’s possible that shoulder stabilization surgery will also be recommended in order to repair any damage to the surrounding tissues.

Shoulder stabilization surgery is a type of operation that is performed to repair or tighten the tissues and structures around the shoulder joint. This procedure can be performed for a number of reasons but is generally done in order to relieve pain and improve function in the shoulder. If you are experiencing pain or decreased range of motion in your shoulder, speak with your doctor.



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